New gas value chain
- looptijd: 2011 - 2015
- locatie: Groningen,
- functie: (Groen) gas
A gas value chain for an innovative Smart Grid, that’s the goal of this consortium.
This consortium has been investigating new gas infrastructures. The main question was: ‘How can smart grid technologies facilitate the introduction of new gases into the grid?’
Companies across the gas value chain are pushing traditional boundaries to innovation in the sector, supported by technological improvements, emerging geographies for both demand and supply, and a growing preference for low-carbon energy sources.
Increasingly, they are looking for robust solutions to their project and operational challenges, and support in overcoming the risks involved with asset design, development and operation.
In this project, we investigate the capacity of smart grid technologies to facilitate the introduction these new gas qualities.
It will require that we describe the capability maturity model of the new gas grid. It is a matter of fact that the gas grid has been built for the gas quality of Groningen.
The adaptation thereof of a new gas value chain will require large investments.
- Indeed, producers of biogas can only deliver gas with variable qualities and multiple decentralized points.
- If this gas is injected at several points into the grid, regional gas distribution companies will have to move from passive transit systems to active systems that dynamically control the quality of gas in bidirectional flows.
- We think that the introduction of new gases in the distribution grid, combined with locally produced new gases, will require the application of sensors and actuators in the distribution grid.
- These devices can only be applied efficiently if the information is controlled by smart algorithms.
- By reflecting on the experience of the electricity industry with smart grids, we aim at
- providing small producers of biogas, such as farmers
- a means to control their production and consumption
- as well as a fair pricing mechanism for producers and consumers
- Moreover, we are interested in the possible quality management alternatives and the role of old and new appliances in the gas grid.
- Cardona, Juliana Montoya, Martien Visser and Niels van Steenis. “Assessment of plug-in vehicles on the Groningen energy network.” Groningen: DNV GL, 2014.
- Lemmens, Han, Robert Mellema, Lukas Grond, Tjerk Sanberg, Marcel Volkerts. “Smart gas grid technologies: overview of technologies for implementing smart gas grid functions.” Groningen: DNV GL, 2012.
- Lopes Terra, Julia Oliveira. ‘‘DECENTRALIZATION OF ENERGY PRODUCTION”, Hanze University of Applied Sciences, Groningen 2015.
- Someren, C.E.J. van, Ham, J.T. van. Alberts, R. A. ”Decentralisation by Cogeneration”, Summary, Hanze University of Applied Sciences, Groningen 2015.
- Volkerts, Marcel, Tjerk Sanberg, Lukas Grond. “Gasboard: A serious game on tomorrow’s gas infrastructure.” Groningen: DNV GL, 2012
- Alkano, Desti, W. Nefkens, J.M.A. Scherpen, M. Volkerts. “Storage sizing for embedding of local gas production in a micro gas grid.” EPJ Web of Conferences, 79 (2014): 03005.
- Alkano, Desti, W. Nefkens, J.M.A. Scherpen, M. Volkerts. “Optimal flow control in a micro grid of prosumers using model predictive control.” Proceedings 21th International Symposium on Mathematical Theory of Networks and Systems, Groningen, July 2014, pp. 592–8.
- Alkano Desti, Jacquelien M.A. Scherpen. “Distributed dynamic price mechanisms in the new gas chain.” Proceedings of the 31st Benelux Meeting on Systems and Control, Heijderbosch, March 2012, online.
- Volkerts, Marcel. “The smart gas grid maturity model.” 19th REFORM Group meeting, Salzburg, forhtcoming.
Gasboard is a serious game on tomorrow’s gas infrastructure. Players can use it to identify, analyze and validate the behavior and strategies used by stakeholders of the new gas grid.They can play the roles of producers, consumers, grid operators and the regulator. They have to take into consideration assets such as gas fields, biogas plants, pipelines and conversion stations. A dynamic model calculates the resulting energy flows and gas quality.
Other possible uses of the game are knowledge transfer, knowledge extraction, marketing and communication.
- Smart Energy System Maturity Model
The Smart Energy Maturity Model generates a map of the functionalities and accompanying components and technologies in a smart energy system. Besides, it provides a path for the realization of the system.It describes how an organization can produce the required outcomes by implementing reliable and sustainable behaviors, practices and processes. The roadmap of future energy systems points out at maturity levels and key-process areas.
The model guides the development and implementation of smart energy systems.
- Smart Gas Grid Maturity Model
Smart Gas Grid Maturity Model is a tool for assessing the maturity of an organization in nine domains related to the future gas grid, such as infrastructure, strategy, information management and stakeholder management. The tool describes five levels of maturity for each domain.Organization active in the gas value chain can use it to gains insights, road maps and benchmarks.
- Living Lab
Living lab is a living demonstrator that displays and test scenarios and system configurations that highlight the complementary roles of gas and energy in our future energy system, such as cogeneration on the base of gas and balancing a house versus the net.