The impact of labelling of green electricity on consumers and environment

  • looptijd: 2014 - 2018
  • locatie: Groningen,
  • functie: Energiebewustzijn verhogen, meer flex

As a result of national policies to stimulate renewable energy sources (RES), the share of RES in the energy mix is growing strongly in most European countries and will continue to do so in the coming years.

This increase of RES has many consequences for different elements of the electricity market.


The objective of the RES-EM project is to give insights in the technical, economic and societal impacts of the growth in renewable energy given the current as well as alternative designs of the electricity market.

By electricity market design, we mean all relevant institutional aspects.

This research will pay attention to

  • the regulation of networks
  • the way wholesale and retail markets are organized
  • the instruments used to foster renewable energy
  • as well as the integration of the energy system.

Several research fields are needed to study the overall effects of an alternative electricity market designs against this background.

  • Economic effects include the efficiency of electricity supply and the incentives for investments.
  • The technical issues concern the reliability of the grid.
  • Societal questions include the acceptance of differences in commodity prices, access tariffs or energy taxes during different time periods, among regions, or groups of energy users.

The research team consists of academic workers from different faculties of the University of Groningen. The research group consists of four postdocs, supervised by five academic members with all many years of experience in conducting research in different sub fields in the energy sector.


Professor of Distributed Systems at the Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences of the University of Groningen

Professor Ethics, Social and Political Philosophy at the Faculty of Philosophy of the University of Groningen

Chair of the DTPA Systems and Control Engineering group Research Institute for Industrial Technology and Management (ITM), Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences of the University of Groningen

Holds the J.L. Bouma Chair in the Economics of Sustainability and is Professor at the Faculty of Economics and Business of the University of Groningen

  • Frank Nobel


Collaborating partners are: University of Groningen Faculty Economics and BusinessUniversity of Groningen, Distributed SystemsUniversity of Groningen Engineering and Technology, University of Groningen Department of Ethics Social and Political PhilosophyTennet

Fundings: Netbeheer Nederland, NWO

For more information about this project, or about other projects of the CEER, please contact Prof. M. (Machiel) Mulder

or Mark Rook (


topsector energie systeemintegratie
  • One postdoc of the Faculty of Economics and Business (FEB) will develop the economic model of the electricity market. Another postdoc of the FEB will focus on empirical studies regarding the different choices made about the institutional design in several European countries.
  • The postdoc of the Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Science will develop a model of the physical infrastructure and will work together with the postdocs from the FEB who will develop the economic model of the electricity market.
  • The postdoc of the Faculty of Philosophy will focus on the societal issues, in particularly issues regarding the fairness and the acceptability of alternative market designs to the different stakeholders in general and the consumers in particular.

In order to facilitate the current debate a Dutch valorization board is created. Members of this board give feedback on the aim and draft results during the project.

The results of the research will be valuable for the current debate, not only in the Netherlands, but also on a European level. Therefore also an international advisory board has been installed, including experts from several European countries and several types of institutions.

University of Groningen Faculty Mathematics and Natural Sciences

  prof. dr. ir. M. (Marco) Aiello    050 363 3948