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STASCADE decentralized power balancing systems

Stable and scalable decentralized power balancing systems using adaptive clustering (STASCADE)
Stable and scalable decentralized power balancing systems using adaptive clustering: Energy demand will need to follow supply.

STASCADE – Stable and scalable decentralized power balancing systems using adaptive clustering

In the past, energy supply was set by the needs for energy. In the future, the demand should follow the supply of energy. The energy system will be decentralized and more variable. 

Adjusting the energy price is one of the solutions to mediate between supply and demand; This can be done via the markets in which it can provide energy, resulting in continuously changing market prices.

STASCADE designs

This project designs novel models, techniques and approaches for dynamic clustering and market mechanisms for energy S/D balancing, in a cooperation between engineering systems, computer science, and electrical engineering researchers, and network operator, ICT, and business consultants.

Demand should follow supply

Energy systems are in transition. Whereas in the past, energy supply was determined by demand, in future, demand will need to follow supply.

  • Changing prices is a means to this end, via markets in which bids for demand and/or supply determine the market price for a specific period of time.
  • Such markets, however, have their drawbacks. An important drawback is that markets can typically be highly dynamic, even with disruptive or chaotic behavior.
  • In addition, current centralized markets are not designed to deal with local network failures.
  • These factors influence the stability and predictability of the energy system.
  • Therefore, there is a need for decentralized, stabilising, and scalable approaches to balance supply and demand (S/D) of energy.

Distributed coordination

STASCADE focuses on the design of distributed coordination and market mechanisms to this purpose.

Distributed dynamic clusters of synergetic consumers and producers are our basic construct.

  • Clusters are designed to coordinate local load balancing for varying periods of time amongst consumers and producers, typically for substantially longer periods than considered in markets.
  • Local load balancing in clusters thus allows for novel, more reliable solutions for global load balancing and can be used in conjunction with (current or novel) external market mechanisms.
  • In addition, clusters are dynamic and can adapt to changing situations, including network failures.


Delft University of Technology
Prof. dr. F.M.T. (Frances) Brazier
E. f.m.brazier@tudelft.nl
P. 015 – 2787529


Delft University of Technology, DNV GL, Alliander, Thales


Sept. 2014 – Sept. 2018

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